-- Describe the results of Plessy v. Ferguson
-- Describe how African-Americans often found themselves in poverty
-- Read p. 561 and discussed the Supreme Court case, Plessy v. Ferguson, and took notes in flip book.
-- Read p. 561 about African-Americans falling into poverty. Defined "sharecropping" and "menial" in notes.
-- Weekly Weekend Work
-- Check OG gmail account
-- Check StudentVUE
-- Do any missing assignments
-- Clean-out/Organize backpack
-- Restock supplies or write in planner that you need to go to the office or Ms. Schaedler's room first thing Monday morning to get things you need.
Notes/Handouts/Material covered in class:
-- Plessy v. Ferguson: Homer Plessy was someone who was 1/8 black (still considered black) and sat in the whites only railroad car to provoke a court case that would challenge the legality of Jim Crow laws. The court case was originally Plessy v. the State of Louisiana. Judge Ferguson ruled that Louisiana was allowed to make separate railroad cars. Plessy then sued Ferguson for not giving him his 14th amendment rights (due process of law/equal protection under the law/states can't take away rights). In 1896, he lost in a 7-1 Supreme Court split that gave us the doctrine of "Separate but Equal" meaning that a state could separate the races as long as it provided equal facilities. [In reality, the facilities were never equal-- much lower quality for African-Americans.} This doctrine lasted for over 50 years until it was overturned by Brown v. the Board of Education (9-0) in 1954. Plessy v. Ferguson cemented as legal the unequal and segregated treatment of blacks in the south. It has become known as one of the 10 worst decisions of the US Supreme Court.
-- sharecropper: A laborer who works the land for the farmer who owns it in exchange for a share of the value of the crop (minus expenses). At the mercy of the landowner. Usually a bad deal that resulted in a cycle of poverty.
-- menial: servile (acting as a servant), manual labor, "low class" work